Water is essential for mankind, but even so, only 1% is available for human consumption. We know the importance that it represents for our homes, when treated and fit for consumption. But what about industries? What is its usefulness in industrial processes? What is the importance of water analysis in industries?
Water for industry is used in a number of processes, both for manufacturing the products themselves and for cleaning materials and instruments. Therefore, in this sense, it must be pure and free of harmful microbes or substances. Poor water quality is not always visible, so a laboratory analysis is certainly needed to detect any abnormality, since many diseases are contracted through water. In short, strict control is essential for people’s health and environmental conservation.
How is the use of water in industries?
Most industrial processes use water. For the fabrication of an item, it is often essential to use water to dissolve a chemical product, extract substances and for washing products and equipment. In papermaking, for example, water is used for the bleaching of the cellulose. Also in the textile industry, water is important for washing and dyeing fabrics, and certainly, it is essential for cooling in mills, requiring a large and continuous amount of water for this process.
When it comes to the food industry, you need to offer even greater security because factories must have strict quality control. Lack of such care can have serious consequences for people’s health. In this way, companies should apply preventive measures to avoid any problems in the manufacture of food. For example, conduct a strict evaluation of production processes, water quality being one of the essential.
What should be the acceptable water standard in industries?
According to the Ministry of Health, water for human use must be potable and not pose health risks. In this way, the following standards have been formulated:
- Microbiological pattern: regarding the amount of fecal coliform;
- Harmful chemical composition: as regards the concentration of lead, mercury, nitrates, benzene, agrochemicals, etc .;
- Regarding radioactivity: if it has high radio-226 or 228 rates;
- Organoleptic standards: referring to color, smell, taste and others.
These items are identified by a tolerance table of their quantity in the water and the data are used as the basis for laboratory analysis.
How can industries have good quality water available?
For this, it is necessary to take some important measures, such as the following:
Know the origin of water
Industries can use water from public systems or use their own. The first one is already treated and potable. In the second case, the companies are responsible for the treatment, and consequently must follow a strict standard, thus having the advantage of having a better control over the origin of the water.
Have your own treatment system
Even coming from the public water system, water must be taken care of, whether in its storage or treatment, so that it presents a standard of good quality. In this way, it is important that each industry has its own water treatment system.
Monitor water quality
Control of water treatment in industries is essential. Periodic monitoring with microbiological and chemical analysis is required to ensure safe water use and consumption.
As we have seen, water quality is essential for industries, especially those that manufacture food. And the best way to avoid contamination of this resource is through corporate awareness. Therefore, the ideal is to have their proper system of control, analysis and treatment of water used in their processes.
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